No Such Thing as a Quick Fix: The Aspiration-Capabilities Gap in British Remote Warfare

This report is a first attempt to evaluate the gaps between contemporary strategies and activities in Iraq, Syria and Libya.Read more

Falling Short of Security in Somalia

Drawing upon a number of interviews conducted with serving and former UK and EU military personnel and round-table material, this briefing by Emily Knowles examines the international involvement in military operations to counter Al-Shabaab.Read more

Remote Warfare and the Boko Haram Insurgency

This report by Open Briefing examines the effectiveness of the use of remote warfare by the Nigerian government, its regional allies and Western states to counter the threat of Boko Haram.Read more

After the Fall: Views from the ground of international military intervention in post-Gadhafi Libya

This report by Libya specialist Alison Pargeter elicits Libyan views on international operations in Libya and analyses the possible effects of such operations on Libya's longer-term stability. Through interviews with a diverse section of Libyan society, the research paints a detailed picture of how international intervention, both covert and overt, is perceived by LibyansRead more

Cameroon’s Far North: Responding to Boko Haram

Overall, the acute situation in Far North Region is linked to a wider crisis of responsive institutions across Cameroon. The political vacuum expected to succeed octogenarian president Paul Biya, sooner rather than later, is widely cited as a greater threat to human security than the immediate Boko Haram insurgency.Read more

Jungle Justice: European Migration Policy Seen from the South

The causal link between food insecurity, climate change, conflict and migration is a contested one, not least because the driving forces of economic inequality and marginalisation are so strong both within and between states.Read more

Remote Control Project Report: Nigeria’s Private Army: A Perception Study of Private Military Contractors in the War against Boko Haram

Commissioned by the Remote Control project, the Nigeria Security Network carried out a perception study into the use of private military contractors.Read more

Intervention in Libya: Why Here? Why Now? What Next?

Five years on from the NATO-led intervention that helped to overthrow Muammar Gaddafi, pressure is growing for a new foreign military intervention in Libya. This time the objective is to destroy the incipient Libyan branch of the Islamic State (IS), which has established dominion over a large, and largely empty, swathe of Libya’s central coast since early 2015. This, then, is the latest front of the rebooted War on Terror Lite against IS and likely to be a dominant international issue in 2016.Read more

Libya: Between the Sahel-Sahara and the Islamic State Crises

This briefing reviews security developments and international policy towards the Sahel-Sahara region of northwest Africa over the year since ORG published From New Frontier to New Normal: Counter-Terrorism Operations in the Sahel-Sahara.Read more

War in Yemen: The African Dimension

The war in Yemen and its exacerbation through international military intervention is a tragedy first and foremost for the Yemeni people as their state fragments and thousands of lives and livelihoods are lost.Read more

Devils in the Detail: Implementing Mali's New Peace Accord

Two years after French and African forces reconquered northern Mali from jihadist and separatist armed groups, the Malian government and the main northern armed groups agreed a final peace accord in Algiers on 1 March.Read more

Nigeria’s Bloody Valentine - Boko Haram’s Electoral Opportunity

Nigeria is scheduled to go to the polls for the fifth time since its 1998-99 transition to civilian rule on 14 February. Hailed as the closest race in those sixteen years, the election nevertheless looks likely to secure a new term for President Goodluck Jonathan and his People’s Democratic Party (PDP), which has dominated Nigerian politics since the transition.Read more

Libya’s Proxy Battlefield

Less than four years since NATO-led military intervention helped to unseat the 42-year Gaddafi dictatorship Libya is a failing state on the borders of Europe.Read more

From New Frontier to New Normal: Counter-terrorism Operations in the Sahel-Sahara

The Sahel-Sahara is the ‘new frontier’ in global counter-terrorism operations, new report finds.Read more

The Internationalisation of Nigeria’s Boko Haram Campaign

One year since it escalated its counter-insurgency campaign under a localised state of emergency, Nigeria has lost control of its war against Boko Haram.Read more

Security in the Sahel: Two-Part Briefing

In our two-part series ‘Security in the Sahel’, Richard Reeve assess the challenges to stabilising Mali in the coming year and sheds light on military expansion by global powers across the SahelRead more

Security in the Sahel Part II – Militarisation of the Sahel

One year on, the impact of the French intervention in northern Mali has been felt in most of the surrounding countries.Read more

Al-Qaida - A Multiform Idea

The Yemen-related security alert that has led to a western diplomatic shutdown in the Middle East and North Africa highlights an enduring feature of the United States' jihadist adversary. Even after twelve years of a military response to 9/11, there has been hardly any progress in understanding the motivations of the numerous groups across the world that owe allegiance to the spirit of the al-Qaida movement.Read more

Political Violence in North and West Africa: A Sustainable Security Response

The recent military intervention in Mali has highlighted the growing links between marginalisation and the potential for large-scale political violence in West Africa.Read more

Al-Qaida and the Wider Jihadist Phenomenon

Given the trend towards socio-economic marginalisation, it would be wise to assume that radical and violent social movements still have significant traction.Read more

Mali: Consequences of a War

The war in Mali and the recent attack in Algeria are being seen as the start of a new phase of the war on terror across North and West Africa - an existential threat that could last decades. This is a dangerous simplification of a much more complex problem and risks becoming a self-fulfilling prophecy.Read more

Nigeria: The Generic Context of the Boko Haram Violence

A series of major attacks in Nigeria in April are presumed to be the work of militants from the Boko Haram movement. There is little sign that extensive and rigorous police and army action against Boko Haram has had any effect in curbing the movement. Indeed, it may be stimulating further support, leading in turn to increased international concerns over the longer-term prospects for stability in Africa’s most populous country.Read more

The Obama Cairo Speech - Context and Implications

President Barack Obama made a major speech on US policy towards Islam and the Middle East on the occasion of his visit to the region at the end of May. The speech was given at the University of Cairo and was preceded by firm indications that it was intended to ease the tensions that had developed between the United States and the Islamic world during the eight years of the Bush administration.Read more