10 July 2020

Evidence submitted by ORG to the House of Lord's Select Committee on International Relations and Defence's inquiry on UK engagement in Sub-Saharan Africa has been included in their final report, entitled 'UK and Sub-Saharan Africa: prosperity, peace and development co-operation'. 

The written evidence was authored by Megan Karlshoej-Pedersen and co-authored by Liam Walpole. It was taken from ORG's November 2019 report, 'Fusion Doctrine in Five Steps: Lessons Learned from Remote Warfare in Africa' which had been jointly authored by Megan and ORG's Research Manager, Abigail Watson. It also serves as a precursor to a separate piece of work being undertaken by ORG regarding the UK's policy on the protection of civilians in conflict, which is due to be published at the end of July 2020. 

The final report by the Lords Select Committee draws on our research on the risks of weak safeguarding mechanisms and the adverse consequences for civilian populations - and the prospects for peace in the long term - in the following quotes:

The Remote Warfare Programme, Oxford Research Group, said that since 2007 “23% of violent incidents against civilians recorded were perpetrated by state forces”. The appropriate response was not always to train national security forces, as this could serve to build “the capacity of predatory armed forces”.
The Remote Warfare Programme, Oxford Research Group, said it was vital that the UK built on “its ability to recognise when local governments and state forces” were the “drivers of instability and violence”.
The Remote Warfare Programme, Oxford Research Group said that “abuses” by the Somali National Army had been “a big recruitment tool” for al-Shabab. Civilian deaths caused by AU peacekeepers in AMISOM had turned “many Somalis against” the AU mission.

You can read ORG's original submission of evidence here.

Image credit: DFID/Flickr.