Dr Ashraf Ghani

Ashraf Ghani is currently Chairman of the Institute for State Effectiveness. As Adviser to the UN Secretary General he advised on the Bonn Agreement for Afghanistan. As Afghanistan's Finance Minister he is credited for a series of successful domestic reforms, including reform of the Treasury, Customs, Budget and the Currency, and was named by Emerging Markets as Best Finance Minister of Asia in 2003. Dr Ghani prepared Afghanistan's first National Development Framework and 'Securing Afghanistan's Future', a $28bn reconstruction program for the country. As Chancellor of Kabul University, he instituted a style of participatory governance to enlist the students in managing their university's transformation.

Dr. Ghani is involved on the advisory boards for a number of activities supporting the reform of global institutions, including the Commission on the UN High-Level Panel on Legal Empowerment of the Poor, IDEA, Brookings Institution's project on global insecurity, the Atlantic Council, and the World Justice Project of the American Bar Association. He is a Senior Non-Resident Fellow at the Brookings Institution. In 2006, Dr Ghani was nominated by President Hamid Karzai for the role of UN Secretary General and was endorsed by the Wall Street Journal. In 2007, he was also endorsed by the New York Times for the post of President of the World Bank.

He was educated at American University Beirut and Colombia University, and taught at Johns Hopkins and Berkeley Universities before joining the World Bank, where he led work on country strategies and policies. He has received honorary doctorates from the University of Scranton in the US and the University of Guelph in Canada and won the Dr Jean Mayer Global Citizenship Award at Tufts University in 2008. His book Fixing Failed States, written with Clare Lockhart, was published in Spring 2008 by Oxford University Press.

You can view a video message from Ashraf Ghani here.