President Ashraf Ghani

Ashraf Ghani is the President of Afghanistan, elected in September 2014. As Afghanistan's Finance Minister he was credited for a series of successful domestic reforms, including reform of the Treasury, Customs, Budget and the Currency, and was named by Emerging Markets as Best Finance Minister of Asia in 2003. He prepared Afghanistan's first National Development Framework and 'Securing Afghanistan's Future', a $28bn reconstruction program for the country.

He previously served as Chancellor of Kabul University, during which time he instituted a style of participatory governance to enlist the students in managing their university's transformation. He is the co-founder of the Institute for State Effectiveness, which seeks to use a citizen-centred perspective to build state accountability and governance.

President Ghani sits on the advisory boards for a number of activities supporting the reform of global institutions, including the Commission on the UN High-Level Panel on Legal Empowerment of the Poor, IDEA, Brookings Institution's project on global insecurity, the Atlantic Council, and the World Justice Project of the American Bar Association. He is a Senior Non-Resident Fellow at the Brookings Institution.

He was educated at American University Beirut and Colombia University, and taught at Johns Hopkins and Berkeley Universities before joining the World Bank, where he led work on country strategies and policies. He has received honorary doctorates from the University of Scranton in the US and the University of Guelph in Canada and won the Dr Jean Mayer Global Citizenship Award at Tufts University in 2008. His book Fixing Failed States, written with Clare Lockhart, was published in Spring 2008 by Oxford University Press.

You can view a video message from Ashraf Ghani here.