Israel's current military operation, 'Protective Edge', has now exceeded the length and scale of the 2008-09 was, with no end in sight. Indeed, by the end of July, positions were hardening and prospects for anything longer than brief further humanitarian pause seemed remote. And like Israel's previous operations, the current undertaking is failing to undermine Hamas's paramilitary capabilities and support base. In this latest briefing, Paul Rogers provides some context for the conflict together with a preliminary analysis of possible consequences, stressing why ceasefire at the earliest opportunity is not only desirable but essential for chances of long term security in the region.
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